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Literacy rate increases: Economic Survey
ISLAMABAD, Jun 2 (APP) - The overall literacy rate for age 10 years and above is 57.7 percent, 69.5 percent for male and 45.2 percent for female, the Economic Survey 2002-11 launched here Thursday said.It said during 2008-09 literacy rate was the 57.4 percent, 69.3 percent for male and 44.7 percent for female. The survey’s data shows that literacy remains higher in urban areas (73.2 percent) than in rural areas (49.2 percent), and is more prevalent for men (80.2 percent) compared to women (65.5 percent) in rural areas. However, it is evident from the data that rural-urban and male-female disparity seems to be closing a bit.
When analyzed provincially, literacy rate in Punjab stood at (59.6 %),
Sindh (58.2%), Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (50.9%) and Balochistan at (51.5%).
The literacy rate of Punjab and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa has improved
considerably during 2008-09 and 2009-10.
The comparative shares of literate depict marginal improvement in the
profile of educational attainment. Nevertheless, all categories remain
at the same level except a sort of increase in below matric (37.5
Generally, males are more educated compared to females.
Pre-Primary Education is the basic component of Early Childhood
Education (ECE), Prep or Kachi classes of children having age of 3-4
An increase of 4.0 percent in Pre-Primary enrolment (8.743 million) in
2009-10 over 2008-09 (8.434 million) has been observed during 2009-10,
it is estimated to increase by 2.0 percent in 2010-11.
A number of 157,360 Primary Schools with 466,451 Teachers are
functional. An increase in Primary enrolment (18.756 million) in 2009-10
over 2008-09 (18.468 million) has been observed during 2009-10, it is
estimated to increase by 1.4 percent in 2010-11.
Secondary Education (Classes IX-X) A number of 24,792 Secondary Schools
with 446,490 Teachers are functional. An increase in secondary enrolment
(2.581 million) in 2009-10 over 2008-09 (2.556 million) has been
observed during 2009-10.
It is estimated to increase by 2.9 percent in 2010-11. An enrolment of
1.257 million is estimated in 2010-11 against 1.165 million in 2009-10
and 1.07 million in 2008-09 whereas, 3,323 Higher Secondary Schools and
Inter Colleges with 77,118 Teachers are functional.
Degree Colleges Education (Classes XIIIXIV) An enrolment of 619,629
students is expected during 2010-11 in Degree Colleges against 542,381
in 2009-10. A total of 1,439 Degree Colleges with 30,753 teachers are
An enrolment of 1,105,307 is estimated in 2010-11 in Higher Education
over 935,596 in 2009-10. In order to boost-up higher education. Three
new universities have been established during the year 2009-10 making
the total number to 132 universities with 57,780 Teachers in both
Private and Public Sectors.
National Vocational and Technical Education Commission (NAVTEC) is a
regulatory body responsible for promoting linkages among various
stakeholders to address challenges faced by Technical and Vocational
Educational Training (TVET).
Today rate of women participation is only 29 percent which is far less than other regional countries.
Under President’s Fanni Maharat Programme individuals, across the
country are provided opportunities to gain skills from vocational
training institutes/ centres.
Prime Minister’s Hunar Mand Pakistan Programme is also a similar kind of
step to launch different skill development programme, in four priority
sectors including: Construction, Agriculture, IT and Telecommunication
and skills for women.
Realizing the real need and importance, the commission has made itself
up for establishing of sector specifies training institutes and centre
These institutes make available beautiful linkages between industry and
technical institutes, and facilitate in information flow and benefit,
from new industrial innovation by bridging the gap between academics and
new industrial innovations.
The education Policy 2009 calls for an increased access to higher
education for the youth of age group between 17-23 years from the
existing 5 percent to 10 percent by the year 2015.
It is a major challenge for Higher Education Commission (HEC) and would
require continuous support and generous funding from the federal
government in the upcoming years.
During 2009-10, there were 868,641 students studying in the universities.
To provide the access of quality higher education to the masses, Charters to two new universities were awarded in 2010-11.
Human Resource Development High skilled workforce has become a basic
need to meet the challenges of contemporary era which is all about
competitiveness and efficiency.
Higher education sector has been playing essential role in human
resource development to support the economy of the country by
contributing in workforce of approximately four hundred thousand
university graduates, every year, during 2005 to 2009.
The data shows 30 percent increase in the total graduates output from
the universities and Degree Awarding institutes (DAIs) during above
Since 2002, Higher Education Commission has sent about 4,313 scholars in
the technically advanced countries for research degrees such as M. Phil
and Ph.D. Out of these 1,214 have completed and returned to the
Similarly, scholars were also encouraged to enrol in the local
universities. This has helped to promote the research culture
HEC sponsored 8,873 scholars in the local universities out of which
2,524 have completed their studies. During 2010, more than 750 PhDs
degrees were awarded by Pakistani Universities.
HEC is also planning to extend its services to affiliated colleges of
the universities/DAIs across the country to form a College Network of
Pakistan, while capitalizing on PERN Core infrastructure and resources.
HEC has provided eight universities with the standard offthe- shelf
Campus Management Solution (CMS) for the automation of student-centric
HEC is planning to extend these facilities to 30 Public Sector Universities/Institutes of Pakistan in next 3 years.
Major Programmes and Projects of Ministry of Education During 2010-11,
allocation made under Public Sector Development Programme (PSDP) stands
at Rs. 5,071 million for 86 development projects against which, Rs.
1,722 million have been released up to January 2011.
Chinese Premier Visit to Pakistan
Presidential address to the joint sitting of parliament